An article, by Jesse McKinley at  New York times describes the current wave of protest on cuts in education at California’s public education system. The article describe the rationale for this cuts in the following terms

California’s public education system has been racked by spending cuts because of the state’s financial problems, which include a looming $20 billion budget deficit. Layoffs and furloughs have hit many districts and school systems, along with reductions in course offerings and grants.

In a post last year, “California university regents approve 32 percent tuition increase” , I point out  that this could be signaling a point of not return for forms of affordable access to quality university education in the United States. The fact that the article also points out other scattered protest in other  states seems to indicate that this has become a national trend. For instances the article also points out tuition protests,

with at least 16 people arrested at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, when protesters tried to force their way into administration offices and threw ice chunks at campus officers, according to a university spokesman.

This point out to a long trajectory of increasing reduce investment in public education by states, now exacerbate by the economic crisis. In California this seemingly acquire  dramatic proportions indicating a point of not return in the public system. As a graduate student, at the protest  indicate, “I plan to be a teacher, but it’s not my job prospects [what] I’m worried about[….]It’s the whole system.” . This is rather dramatic if we consider the role that education play in social policies, and the current  situation of economic depressed areas such as “Richmond, near San Francisco, where unemployment is 17.6 percent and violent crime and poverty are common”, where those cuts have more acute effects. The literature describe the US as a wealthy “advance industrial society” but we see situations, now exacerbate by the economic crisis,   resembling those of a struggling developing country in which teachers describe the situation in terms such as

“Kids come to school hungry; some are homeless,” said Mary Flanagan, 55, a third-grade teacher from Richmond. “How can we deal with problems like that with as many as 38, 40 kids in a class?”

Public education, in California, and the  affordable access to public higher education,  for a long time a feature of US welfare state policies are now confronting a terminal crisis without easy solutions.


McKinley, J. (March 5,2010). Thousands in California protest cuts in education. New York Times. Retrieved from


This is a potentially useful research resource, the CIA library. I recommend searches at  Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room , especially those related to education initiatives during the cold war.   The careful reading of declassified documents provide a source of some useful data related to the CIA involvement in human rights abuses during the period, and on some illustrative examples of foreign policy initiatives involving education.

From CIA library:

The CIA releases millions of pages of documents each year and frequently releases items of public interest on this Web site.

The Library contains a wealth of information, from unclassified current publications to basic references, reports and maps. The Library features our most popular publication, The World Factbook, and our online directory of Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments. It also features numerous documents and articles of historical significance, including those found in Studies in Intelligence.

  • Center for the Study of Intelligence
  • Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room
  • Kent Center Occasional Papers
  • Intelligence Literature: Suggested Reading List
  • Reports
  • Related Links

  • JournalStudentAff.gif NASPA – Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education is pleased to announce the inaugural issue of Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice (formerly NASPA Journal).

    Articles for the first numbers of the journal can be found at:

    Special Features

    Underlying Paradigms in Student Affairs Research and Practice
    Florence M. Guido, Alicia F. Chávez, and Yvonna S. Lincoln

    Innovations in Research and Scholarship Features

    Melvene Draheim Hardee: A Touchstone of the Profession
    Sally E. Click and Michael D. Coomes

    College Men’s Experiences as Men: Findings and Implications from Two Grounded Theory Studies6
    Frank Harris III and Keith E. Edwards

    Innovations in Practice Features

    The 2008 Amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act: Implications for Student Affairs Practitioners
    Lisa A. Burke, John Friedl, and Michelle Rigler

    Building Bridges: Community College Practitioners as Retention Leaders10
    Michael J. Stebleton and LeAnne Schmidt

    International Features

    Student Transfer Policies and Practices in the United States and Europe: Mobility without Loss of Credit
    Megan M. Chase

    Media Features and Reviews

    Review of College Organization and Professional Development: Integrating Moral Reasoning and Reflective Practice
    Frank Shushok Jr.

    Demystifying Social Media
    Frank Michael Muñoz and Katherine C. Strotmeyer

    Review of Learning as a Way of Leading: Lessons from the Struggle for Social Justice
    Jessica White

    The Toolbox Newsletters,
    Jennifer L. Bloom

    Review of Working-Class Students at Radcliffe College, 1940-1970: The Intersection of Gender, Social Class, and Historical Context
    Will Barratt
    About this journal
    The mission of Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice is to publish the most rigorous, relevant, and well-respected research that makes a difference in student affairs practice. Formerly known as NASPA Journal, Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice fosters open and critical discourse within and across disciplines from the perspective of student affairs in higher education. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice is indexed in Educational Indexes/Abstracts and ERIC.

    Thanks to Mousumi Mukherjee for the link:

    February 23, 2010 – The Chicago Council on Global Affairs today released its task force report, Engaging Religious Communities Abroad: A New Imperative for U.S. Foreign Policy. The Council convened a group of thirty-two experts and stakeholders – former government officials, religious leaders, heads of international organizations, and scholars – to bring a diverse perspective to the debate over how to successfully engage religion on an international level.

    Religious communities are central players in the counterinsurgency war in Afghanistan, development assistance, the promotion of human rights, stewardship of the environment, and the pursuit of peace in troubled parts of the world. The success of American diplomacy in the next decade will be measured in no small part by its ability to connect with the hundreds of millions of people throughout the world whose identity is defined by religion. President Obama’s historic speech in Cairo on June 4, 2009, with its promise to engage with Muslim communities, was an important step in the right direction. This report takes the next step in developing a strategy to engage religious communities of all faiths in addressing foreign policy challenges.

    Task force cochairs R. Scott Appleby, director of the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame; and Richard Cizik, president of the New Evangelical Partnership for the Common Good, discussed report findings and recommendations at the release event today at Georgetown University’s Berkley Center for Religion Peace and World Affairs.

    Learn more and download the full report.

    Since 1981, the Unit has been at the forefront of scholarly discussion and debate about topics such as poststructuralism, cultural studies, Marxism, feminism, postcolonial theory, and the politics of disciplinarity and knowledge production. Drawing upon the expertise and resources of twenty-six humanities, social sciences, and performing arts departments, the Unit for Criticism promotes a broad range of teaching, research, and related scholarly activities. Through a variety of programs—including regular criticism seminars, colloquia and roundtables; visits to campus by distinguished scholars from other universities; agenda-setting conferences; designated courses; writing groups; and our weblog Kritik—the Unit provides students and faculty with interdisciplinary vantage points for their teaching and research. Books derived from Unit conferences, such as Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture and Cultural Studies, have become landmarks of critical discourse in the academy. (Unit for Criticism Website)


    Unit for Criticism blog, Kritik:

    A devastatingly skillful and emotionally compelling documentary, The Times of Harvey Milk charts the political rise and brutal slaying of the first openly gay city official in the United States, Harvey Milk. Ironically, the same election that brought Milk to the board of city supervisors of San Francisco also elected the man who killed him, a former police officer and fireman named Dan White. After White shot both Mayor George Moscone and Milk, his defence lawyers convinced the jury that White’s judgment was impaired by depression and junk food, resulting in a conviction for manslaughter instead of murder–a verdict that prompted riots. With care and conviction, The Times of Harvey Milk captures not only Milk himself, but also the political and social landscape in which these events took place. The interviews–with friends, politicians, and journalists–are articulate and heartfelt, expressing the impact that Milk had upon this historical moment. (Bret Fetzer for

    Brief list of World Wide Web scholarly  websites with resources and news  on International Organizations:

    Amnesty International (Human rights promotion INGO)

    Arab League (Official)

    Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC—Official)

    Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN—Official)

    Atlantic Online (Contemporary affairs publication)

    Commonwealth (Official)

    EU Observer (News about the EU)

    Euroguide (Guide to the European Union, United Kingdom)

    European Governments Online (from the EU)

    European Union Online (Official)

    Francophonie (Organization of French-speaking countries—Official)

    Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA—Official)

    Freedom House (NGO)

    G-8 Information Center from the University of Toronto (Unofficial)

    G-77 (Group of 77 developing countries—Official)

    Global Policy Forum (NGO working on UN affairs)

    Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC, Persian Gulf states—Official)

    International Labor Organization (ILO—Official)

    Missions to the UN (with links to missions’ websites)

    Non-Aligned Movement (Official)

    New York Times (site requires registration, but it’s free)

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO—Official)

    Organization of American States (OAS—Official)

    Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC—Official)

    Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC—Official)

    South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC—Official)

    South Center (IO of developing countries)

    Transparency International (INGO working against corruption)

    United Nations (Official)

    United Nations Documentation Center

    United Nations News (Official)

    United Nations News (Yahoo!)

    US Mission to the United Nations

    US Department of State, International Organization Affairs (Official)

    World Bank (Official)

    World Trade Organization (WTO—Official)

    World Wide Web Virtual Library (WWWVL) International Affairs Resources